15 World Famous Buildings and Structures That Are Made of Steel

Did you know that steel and iron expand when heated? This is especially true with the Eiffel Tower, which becomes taller during the summer. From its average height of 324 meters, its metals grow and increase its height by as much as 6.75 inches (17 centimeters), and this is all simply because of the hot sun beating down on it.


Today, most steel construction is done with a type of steel called “mild steel”. This particular material is incredibly strong. If you were to take a circular bar of steel, which is about 1 inch in diameter, and attach it to your ceiling, you can hang a 20-ton (20,000 kg) weight from it. It a more understandable perspective, a mild steel can hold two and a half elephants, 1 and a half of London’s double-decker buses, or 18 sedan cars. That’s how strong the steel is, and that’s why it has been a part of almost every structure we have now.


Steel has been the top choice as a building material not only for its strength but also because of its cost-efficiency, adaptability, durability, and resistance to warping, splinter, distortion and rotation. It brings out a certain appeal and beauty that can stand the test of time. And no better way to prove this than by listing down the world’s most famous buildings and structures made by steel.

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1. Empire State Building

Empire State Building - Civil Engineering Academy

A visit to New York City is never complete without experiencing the Empire State Building. Although not exactly the most visually extraordinary structure on our list, the Empire State Building has to be included because of how it was constructed. What makes it remarkable is that it only took one year and 45 days to complete. For a building with 103 floors and measures about 443.2 meters, that’s just incredible.

2. Willis Tower (formally known as Sears Tower)

Sears Tower

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

3. Brooklyn Bridge

Sears Tower

Named the “8th Wonder of the World” that has changed the course of New York City, the Brooklyn Bridge has an incomparable length and two grand towers, serving as the connection between Brooklyn and Manhattan. Making this historic landmark was not an easy feat. It took 14 years and two generations of a family to complete because of the heavy metal materials involved.

4. Burj Kalifa

Burj-Khalifa-Civil Engineering Academy

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

5. Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower - Civil Engineering Academy

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

6.  Sydney Harbour Bridge

Australia - Civil Engineering Academy

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

7.  Taipei 101 Tower

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

8.  U.S. Steel Tower

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

9.  Gateway Arch

Gateway Arch - Civil Engineering Academy

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

10.  Beijing National Stadium

Beijing National Stadium - Civil Engineering Academy

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

11.  Seagram Building

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

12.  Shung Hing Square Tower

Shung Hing_Chris_Flickr_Com













Photo Credit: Chris, Flickr

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

13.  Steel House

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

14.  Walt Disney Concert Hall

Walt Disney Concert Hall - Civil Engineering Academy

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

15.  Chrysler Building

Chrysler Building - Civil Engineering Academy

Formerly known as Sears Tower, the Willis Tower of Chicago has a lightweight structure that consists of bronze-tinted, glare-reducing glass curtain wall and black aluminum. It is composed of smaller structures held together in place by huge steel beams and supports, giving it the added strength needed to withstand Chicago’s winds. With an innovative design and beautiful styling, the tower has set the standard for incredibly tall skyscrapers around the world.

Final Thoughts

Steel is an amazing material and can be used in making amazing buildings.  Which structure is your favorite?  Let us know at isaac@civilengineeringacademy or find us on Twitter or Facebook!


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